Using enzyme to Test Components in React Native

As of v0.18, React Native uses React as a dependency rather than a forked version of the library, which means it is now possible to use enzyme's shallow with React Native components.

Unfortunately, React Native has many environmental dependencies that can be hard to simulate without a host device.

This can be difficult when you want your test suite to run with typical Continuous Integration servers such as Travis.

To use enzyme to test React Native, you currently need to configure an adapter, and load an emulated DOM.

Configuring an Adapter

While a React Native adapter is in discussion, a standard adapter may be used, such as 'enzyme-adapter-react-16':

import Adapter from 'enzyme-adapter-react-16';

Enzyme.configure({ adapter: new Adapter() });

Loading an emulated DOM with JSDOM

To use enzyme's mount until a React Native adapter exists, an emulated DOM must be loaded.

While some have had success with react-native-mock-renderer, the recommended approach is to use https://github.com/tmpvar/jsdom, as documented for enzyme at the JSDOM documentation page.

JSDOM will allow all of the enzyme behavior you would expect. While Jest snapshot testing can be used with this approach as well, it isn't encouraged and is only supported through wrapper.debug().

Using enzyme's find when lacking className props

It is worth noting that React Native allows for a testID prop, that can be used a selector similar to className in standard React:

    <View key={key} style={styles.todo} testID="todo-item">
      <Text testID="todo-title" style={styles.title}>{todo.title}</Text>
    </View>
expect(wrapper.findWhere(node => node.prop('testID') === 'todo-item')).toExist();

Example configuration for Jest

To perform the necessary configuration in your testing framework, it is recommended to use a setup script, such as with Jest's setupTestFrameworkScriptFile setting.

Create or update a jest.config.js file at the root of your project to include the setupTestFrameworkScriptFile setting:

// jest.config.js

module.exports = {
  // Load setup-tests.js before test execution
  setupTestFrameworkScriptFile: '<rootDir>setup-tests.js',

  // ...
};

Then create or update the file specified in setupTestFrameworkScriptFile, in this case setup-tests.js in the project root:

// setup-tests.js

import 'react-native';
import 'jest-enzyme';
import Adapter from 'enzyme-adapter-react-16';
import Enzyme from 'enzyme';

/**
 * Set up DOM in node.js environment for Enzyme to mount to
 */
const { JSDOM } = require('jsdom');

const jsdom = new JSDOM('<!doctype html><html><body></body></html>');
const { window } = jsdom;

function copyProps(src, target) {
  Object.defineProperties(target, {
    ...Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors(src),
    ...Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors(target),
  });
}

global.window = window;
global.document = window.document;
global.navigator = {
  userAgent: 'node.js',
};
copyProps(window, global);

/**
 * Set up Enzyme to mount to DOM, simulate events,
 * and inspect the DOM in tests.
 */
Enzyme.configure({ adapter: new Adapter() });

/**
 * Ignore some expected warnings
 * see: https://jestjs.io/docs/en/tutorial-react.html#snapshot-testing-with-mocks-enzyme-and-react-16
 * see https://github.com/Root-App/react-native-mock-render/issues/6
 */
const originalConsoleError = console.error;
console.error = (message) => {
  if (message.startsWith('Warning:')) {
    return;
  }

  originalConsoleError(message);
};

You should then be able to start writing tests!

Note that you may want to perform some additional mocking around native components, or if you want to perform snapshot testing against React Native components. Notice how you may need to mock React Navigation's KeyGenerator in this case, to avoid random React keys that will cause snapshots to always fail.

import React from 'react';
import renderer from 'react-test-renderer';
import { mount, ReactWrapper } from 'enzyme';
import { Provider } from 'mobx-react';
import { Text } from 'native-base';

import { TodoItem } from './todo-item';
import { TodoList } from './todo-list';
import { todoStore } from '../../stores/todo-store';

// https://github.com/react-navigation/react-navigation/issues/2269
// React Navigation generates random React keys, which makes
// snapshot testing fail. Mock the randomness to keep from failing.
jest.mock('react-navigation/src/routers/KeyGenerator', () => ({
  generateKey: jest.fn(() => 123),
}));

describe('todo-list', () => {
  describe('enzyme tests', () => {
    it('can add a Todo with Enzyme', () => {
      const wrapper = mount(
        <Provider keyLength={0} todoStore={todoStore}>
          <TodoList />
        </Provider>,
      );

      const newTodoText = 'I need to do something...';
      const newTodoTextInput = wrapper.find('Input').first();
      const addTodoButton = wrapper
        .find('Button')
        .findWhere(w => w.text() === 'Add Todo')
        .first();

      newTodoTextInput.props().onChangeText(newTodoText);

      // Enzyme usually allows wrapper.simulate() alternatively, but this doesn't support 'press' events.
      addTodoButton.props().onPress();

      // Make sure to call update if external events (e.g. Mobx state changes)
      // result in updating the component props.
      wrapper.update();

      // You can either check for a testID prop, similar to className in React:
      expect(
        wrapper.findWhere(node => node.prop('testID') === 'todo-item'),
      ).toExist();

      // Or even just find a component itself, if you broke the JSX out into its own component:
      expect(wrapper.find(TodoItem)).toExist();

      // You can even do snapshot testing,
      // if you pull in enzyme-to-json and configure
      // it in snapshotSerializers in package.json
      expect(wrapper.find(TodoList)).toMatchSnapshot();
    });
  });
});