enzyme Selectors

Many methods in enzyme’s API accept a selector as an argument. You can select several different ways:

1. A Valid CSS Selector

enzyme supports a subset of valid CSS selectors to find nodes inside a render tree. Support is as follows:

  • class syntax (.foo, .foo-bar, etc.)
  • element tag name syntax (input, div, span, etc.)
  • id syntax (#foo, #foo-bar, etc.)
  • attribute syntax ([href="foo"], [type="text"], and the other attribute selectors listed here.)
  • universal syntax (*)

The attribute syntax also works by value, rather than by string. Strings, numbers, and boolean property values are supported. Example:

const wrapper = mount((
  <div>
    <span anum={3} abool={false} />
    <span anum="3" abool="false" />
  </div>
));

The selector [anum=3] will select the first but not the second, because there's no quotes surrounding the 3. The selector [anum="3"] will select the second, because it's explicitly looking for a string because of the quotes surrounding 3. The same goes for the boolean; [abool=false] will select the first but not the second, etc.

Further, enzyme supports combining any of those supported syntaxes together, as with CSS:

div.foo.bar
input#input-name
a[href="foo"]
.foo .bar
.foo > .bar
.foo + .bar
.foo ~ .bar
.foo input

The Key and Ref Props

While in most cases, any React prop can be used, there are exceptions. The key and ref props will never work; React uses these props internally.

Want more CSS support?

PRs implementing more support for CSS selectors will be accepted and is an area of development for enzyme that will likely be focused on in the future.

2. A React Component Constructor

enzyme allows you to find React components based on their constructor. You can pass in the reference to the component’s constructor. Of course, this kind of selector only checks the component type; it ignores props and children.

function MyComponent() {
  return <div />;
}

// find instances of MyComponent
const myComponents = wrapper.find(MyComponent);

3. A React Component’s displayName

enzyme allows you to find components based on a component’s displayName. If a component exists in a render tree where its displayName is set and has its first character as a capital letter, you can use a string to find it:

function MyComponent() {
  return <div />;
}
MyComponent.displayName = 'My Component';

// find instances of MyComponent
const myComponents = wrapper.find('My Component');

NOTE: This will only work if the selector (and thus the component’s displayName) is a string starting with a capital letter. Strings starting with lower case letters will be assumed to be a CSS selector (therefore a tag name).

Selecting a HOC-wrapped component, or a component with a custom displayName, even with lowercase letters (for example, withHOC(MyComponent)) will work as well.

4. Object Property Selector

enzyme allows you to find components and nodes based on a subset of their properties:

const wrapper = mount((
  <div>
    <span foo={3} bar={false} title="baz" />
  </div>
));

wrapper.find({ foo: 3 });
wrapper.find({ bar: false });
wrapper.find({ title: 'baz' });

Undefined Properties

Undefined properties are not allowed in the object property selector and will cause an error:

wrapper.find({ foo: 3, bar: undefined });
// => TypeError: Enzyme::Props can't have 'undefined' values. Try using 'findWhere()' instead.

If you have to search by undefined property value, use .findWhere().